Resources

About These Resources

The curated resources on this page are the result of many collaborations with our clients. They are not meant to be exhaustive. Instead, they are what developers, content creators, and project managers have found to be most helpful. They are grouped for easier discoverability.

Is your favorite resource missing? Let us know about it.

Web Accessibility Documentation

Publications

  • Schanzer, Emmanuel, Sina Bahram, and Shriram Krishnamurthi. "Accessible AST-Based Programming for Visually-Impaired Programmers." In Proceedings of the 50th ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education (SIGCSE '19). ACM, New York, NY, USA (2019): 773–79. doi: https://doi.org/10.1145/3287324.3287499.

  • McNeilly, Brian, and Sina Bahram. "How to Read a VPAT: Assessing Accessibility Conformance Reports." MW2019: MuseWeb 2019 (January 31, 2019). https://mw19.mwconf.org/paper/how-to-read-a-vpat-assessing-accessibility-conformance-reports.

  • Bahram, Sina, Susan Chun, and Anna Chiaretta Lavatelli. "Using Coyote to Describe the World." MW18: Museums and the Web 2018 (April 17, 2018). https://mw18.mwconf.org/paper/using-coyote-to-describe-the-world.

  • Bahram, Sina. "The Inclusive Museum." In: E. Lupton and A. Lipps (eds), The Senses: Design Beyond Vision. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Architectural Press, 2018. https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07FKVPCRL/.

  • Bahram, Sina, and Andreas Stefik. "Using Quorum’s Physics Engine to Make Accessible Games, Accessibly." Presented at the 32nd Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'17). San Diego, CA, USA, 2017.

  • Ma, Sue-Ann, Lisa Wadors Verne, and Sina Bahram. "Repository-Registry of Accessible Images: Find and Share Alternate Formats." Presented at the 32nd Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'17). San Diego, CA, USA, 2017.

  • Bahram, Sina, Peter Samis, Thomas Ryun, and Scott Thiessen. "Completing the Picture: How a Graphical Interface for Understanding Modern Art Is Meeting the Touch of Non-Sighted Visitors." MW17: Museums and the Web 2017 (January 31, 2017). https://mw17.mwconf.org/paper/whats-right-with-this-picture-how-a-graphical-interface-for-modern-art-is-meeting-the-touch-of-non-sighted-visitors.

  • Ma, Sue-Ann, Sina Bahram, Joshua Hori, Volker Sorge, and Neil Soiffer. "Discovering Accessible Math that Works with Your AT: Math Support Finder." Presented at the 31st Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'16). San Diego, CA, USA, 2016.

  • Stefik, Andreas, and Sina Bahram. "Accessible Gaming in the Quorum Programming Language." Presented at the 31st Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'16). San Diego, CA, USA, 2016.

  • Wyman, Bruce, Scott Gillam, and Sina Bahram. "Inclusive design: From approach to execution." MW2016: Museums and the Web 2016 (February 24, 2016). https://mw2016.museumsandtheweb.com/paper/inclusive-design-from-approach-to-execution.

  • Ringel Morris, Meredith, Annuska Zolyomi, Catherine Yao, Sina Bahram, Jeffrey P. Bigham, and Shaun K. Kane. "'With most of it being pictures now, I rarely use it': Understanding Twitter's Evolving Accessibility to Blind Users." In Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI '16). ACM, New York, NY, USA (2016): 5506–16. doi: https://doi.org/10.1145/2858036.2858116.

  • Averitt, CB, David MacDonald, and Sina Bahram. "Enabling math on the Web, in Word & PDF, emerging solutions & overcoming support problems." Presented at the 30th Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'15). San Diego, CA, USA, 2015.

  • Kane, Shaun, and Sina Bahram. "Designing 3D-Printed Tactile Comic Books." Presented at the 30th Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'15). San Diego, CA, USA, 2015.

  • Bahram, S., A. Chakraborty, S. Ravindran, R. S. Amant. "Intelligent Interaction in Accessible Applications." In P. Biswas, C. Duarte, P. Langdon, and L. Almeida (eds), A Multimodal End-2-End Approach to Accessible Computing. Human–Computer Interaction Series. London: Springer, 2015.

  • Bahram, Sina, Neil Soiffer, Lois Frankel, and Beth Brownstein. "Understanding Mathematical Expressions through Interactive Navigation." Presented at the 29th Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'14). San Diego, CA, USA,  2014.

  • Bahram, Sina, Billy Gregory, and Sarah Ruth Outwater. "Crowdsourcing The Accessibility Awareness Problem." Presented at the 29th Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'14). San Diego, CA, USA, 2014.

  • Patel, Pratik, and Sina Bahram. "Differences in the Mobile Accessibility frameworks for Android, iOS and Windows Phone." Presented at the 29th Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'14). San Diego, CA, USA, 2014.

  • Bahram, Sina. "Multimodal Eyes-Free Exploration of Maps: TIKISI for Maps." ACM SIGACCESS Accessibility and Computing, Issue 106. ACM, New York, NY, USA (2013).

  • Bahram, Sina, Arpan Chakraborty, Srinath Ravindran, and Robert St. Amant. "Intelligent Interaction in Accessible Applications." In A Multimodal End-2-End Approach to Accessible Computing, 93–117. London: Springer, 2013.

  • Bahram, Sina, Ron Jailall, and Greg Kraus. "Blind Instructors Controlling Classroom Technology." Presented at the 28th Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'13). San Diego, CA, USA, 2013.

  • Bahram, Sina, Arpan Chakraborty, and Robert St. Amant. "CAVIAR: A vibrotactile device for accessible reaching." In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI'12). ACM, Lisbon, Portugal (2012).

  • Miller, Sam, Andy Smith, Sina Bahram, and Robert St. Amant. "A glove for tapping and discrete 1D/2D input." In Proceedings of the 2012 ACM international conference on Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI '12). ACM, New York, NY, USA (2012): 101–04. doi: https://doi.org/10.1145/2166966.2166986

  • Bahram, Sina, Srinath Ravindran, and Robert St. Amant. "Crowdsourcing the Web Accessibility Problem." Presented at the 27th Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'12). San Diego, CA, USA, 2012.

  • Bahram, Sina, Debadeep Sen, and Robert St. Amant. "Prediction of web page accessibility based on structural and textual features." In Proceedings of the International Cross-Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility (W4A '11). ACM, Hyderabad, India (2011).

  • Bahram, Sina, Xuxian Jiang, Zhi Wang, Mike Grace, Jinku Li, Deepa Srinivasan, Junghwan Rhee, and Dongyan Xu. "DKSM: Subverting Virtual Machine Introspection for Fun and Profit." In Proceedings of the 29th IEEE International Symposium on Reliable Distributed Systems (SRDS 2010), New Delhi, India (October 2010).

  • Li, Jinku, Zhi Wang, Xuxian Jiang, Mike Grace, and Sina Bahram. "Defeating Return-Oriented Rootkits with `Return-less' Kernels." In Proceedings of the 5th ACM SIGOPS EuroSys Conference (EuroSys 2010), Paris, France (April 2010): 82–91. doi: 10.1109/SRDS.2010.39.

  • Stallmann, Matthias F., Suzanne P. Balik, Robert D. Rodman, Sina Bahram, Michael C. Grace, and Susan D. High. "ProofChecker: an accessible environment for automata theory correctness proofs." In Proceedings of the 12th annual SIGCSE conference on Innovation and technology in computer science education (ITiCSE '07). ACM, Dundee, Scotland (2007).

  • Bahram, Sina, and Mike Grace. "Remote Access Bridge: Cross-Platform Accessible Remote Access to the Linux Desktop." Presented at the 22nd Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'07). Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2007.

  • Bahram, Sina, Mike Grace, and Saroj Primlani. "Accessibility Of Remote Windows And Linux Desktops In The Context Of The VCL (Virtual Computing Lab)." UNC CAUSE 2006.

  • Bahram, Sina, and Peter Korn. "Two Different Approaches To Making The GNOME Desktop Remotely Accessible." Presented at the 21st Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'06). Los Angeles, CA, USA (2006).

  • Primlani, Saroj, and Sina Bahram. "Building An Accessible Next-Generation Virtual Computing Environment: Benefits, Challenges And Strategies." Presented at the 20th Annual International Technology and Persons with Disabilities Conference (CSUN'05). Los Angeles, CA, USA (2005).

Sina says:

Inclusion helps everyone, not just those we think need it.